Author Policy

Author Policies

Adherence to Journal Policies
Authors must abide by the journal's author guidelines when preparing their manuscripts. If this is not followed, deviations will be noted during the editorial or peer review process and should be rectified during revisions. If a violation is found, the reviewers or editors may reject the manuscript.

Reporting standards
Authors of original studies must provide a thorough summary of the research done and the results, followed by an objective assessment of the study's relevance. The manuscript should contain sufficient specifics and citations for other authors to replicate the work. Review articles, as opposed to editorial "opinion" or perspective pieces, should be truthful, impartial, and comprehensive. False or intentionally incorrect statements are inappropriate and unethical

Data access and retention
The raw data from the study may be demanded from the authors along with the publication for editorial review, and authors should be able to make the data available to the public if asked. In any case, authors should ensure that such data are accessible to other qualified professionals for at least 10 years after publication (preferably via an institutional or subject-based data repository or another data centre), if participant anonymity can be maintained and no legal restrictions on the release of proprietary data exist.

Originality and plagiarism
Authors must ensure that all manuscripts they write and submit are totally novel, and if they do borrow ideas or words from others, they must effectively credit them. Publications that had a major impact on the definition of the work reported in the manuscript should also be cited. Plagiarism can take many forms, including "passing off" another author's paper as the author's own, copying or paraphrasing significant portions of another paper without giving proper credit, and claiming the findings of other people's studies. Plagiarism in any form is prohibited and represents unethical publication behavior.

Multiple, duplicate, redundant, or concurrent submission/publication
It is not recommended to publish papers that report the same study in more than one journal or major publication. As a result, authors should refrain from submitting work that has previously been accepted or published by another publication. It is both inappropriate and unethical to submit a work to more than one journal at the same time. If certain conditions are met, some papers (such as clinical guidelines and translations) may be justified in being published in more than one journal. Secondary publishing requires the approval of the authors and editors of the relevant journals and must depict the same information and interpretation as the source document. The primary source must be cited in the secondary publication.

Authorship of the manuscript
Only those individuals who can officially accept the content's liability and meet the authorship criteria listed below should be acknowledged as authors in the manuscript: (i) written the manuscript or introspectively revised it for important intellectual content; (ii) evaluated and approved the completed version of the paper, and (iii) agreed to its publication submission. All authors who contributed significantly to the study's conception, design, execution, data collection, analysis, or interpretation must be listed. After receiving their written consent, all people who made major contributions to the work mentioned in the article but did not meet the criteria for authorship (e.g., technical assistance, writing and editing assistance, general support) should be recognised in the "Acknowledgements" section. The corresponding author should ensure that the author list includes only relevant co-authors (as defined above) and precludes any inappropriate co-authors. They should also confirm that all co-authors have seen the final draft of the manuscript, approved it, and agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest
The authors should disclose any conflicts of interest that could be viewed as influencing the results or their interpretation in the manuscript as soon as possible (usually by completing a disclosure form at the time of submission and including a statement in the manuscript). Honoraria, educational grants or other funding, participation in speakers' bureaus, membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership or other equity interests, and paid expert testimony or patent-licensing agreements are just a few examples of potential conflicts of interest that should be disclosed. Declare all funding sources for the project, including any grant or other reference numbers

Acknowledgment of sources
Authors must ensure that they have properly acknowledged the work of others and must list any references that had a strong influence on how the reported work was defined. Informal information collected (via communication, email, or discussions with third parties) cannot be utilized or reported without the source's written consent. While conducting confidential services, such as reviewing grant applications or manuscripts, authors must have the written consent of the author(s) whose work has been incorporated while developing the manuscript.

Hazards and human or animal subjects
The authors must make it clear in the manuscript whether the work involves the use of any chemicals, techniques, or tools that have inherent risks. If the work involves the use of animals or human volunteers, the article should include a statement stating that all procedures were carried out in accordance with applicable laws and institutional rules and that the appropriate institutional committee(s) approved them. Authors must also disclose in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experiments involving human subjects. The private rights of human participants must always be respected.

Peer review and compliance to author instructions of the journal
Authors must collaborate collaboratively with editors and participate in the peer-review process by responding quickly to requests for additional information, clarifications, and documentation of ethics approval, patient consent, and copyright clearances. If it is determined that "revisions are required," authors must respond to the reviewers' comments promptly, methodically, and point-by-point before editing and resubmitting their work to the journal by the specified deadline. Authors should prepare their papers according to their guidelines before submitting them, and if they have any questions, they should consult the most recent issue. They should only contact the journal's editorial office for clarification if the question persists

Fundamental errors in published works
Authors must promptly notify the journal's editors or publisher of any material errors or inaccuracies in their published work and collaborate with them to either withdraw the manuscript or correct it in an erratum. If the editors or publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a serious error or inaccuracy, the authors must promptly fix or retract the manuscript or provide proof to the journal editors that it is accurate.

Ethical policies - Vulnerable Population
The following ethics policies should be considered for studies involving vulnerable populations (children) Every effort should be made to get voluntarily supplied informed consent from participants’ representatives when research concerns potentially vulnerable groups, such as children, the elderly, or those with learning difficulties. Right information should be given to the participants to get their informed consent, including information about data deposit and data re-use researchers should consider confidentiality boundaries.

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